Chiang Mai: Creative City, Creative Economy
Group Members: Louise Beehag, Chia I-Ling, Sujin Kim, Ryo Miyazaki, Jennifer Tan & Sandra Thng
Around the world, secondary cities are faced with the challenge of balancing growth with sustainability, while retaining their historical heritage and cultural identities. Chiang Mai in Thailand is no exception. As a secondary city it has incredible potential to add to the nation’s attractiveness and economic growth. Chiang Mai has articulated multiple aspirations, but it has not yet found a coherent and distinctive identity that will enable it to thrive in a dynamic regional and global environment. We posit that Chiang Mai could revitalize its image and establish itself as a strong and viable secondary city by remaking itself into a Creative City and building its Creative Economy. Our report seeks to strengthen the case for positioning Chiang Mai as a Creative City, identify potential areas to develop its Creative Economy, and put forward policy recommendations to achieve this.
MICE – Chiang Mai’s Next Engine of Growth
Group Members: Zhang Lei Lei, Noboru Kageyama, Aaron Lye & Kenneth Gn
The MICE industry accounted for more than 164,000 job creation in Thailand (2015). It contributed to 0.77% of the nation’s economy and forms 10% of the overall tourism market, and continues to grow with increasing competition domestically and regionally. Chiang Mai is one of the 5 designated MICE cities in Thailand and listed in Asia’s Top 10 travel destinations. Given its rich heritage, culture and well-established tourism sector, MICE development has tremendous potential. It will enable and strengthen its economy by: (1) reinforcing and maximising Chiang Mai’s positional advantage; (2) being the leading industry to drive SME development; (3) expanding training and employment opportunities and raise skills and productivity levels; (4) enhancing industry knowledge transfer and act as a pillar to support other development narratives; (5) promoting cross-industry cooperation and overall cluster competitiveness; and (6) maximising the networking effect of MICE domestically and regionally and also project Chiang Mai’s image and brand name. The team aims to share insights with the Chiang Mai Provincial Administration Office and stakeholders on its ﬁndings and recommendations and believes that it is an opportune time to position MICE as the next engine of growth and platform of change to Chiang Mai’s economy and society.
Smart Chiang Mai-Unleashing Economic Growth and Social Capital Through Open Data
Group Members: Abbas Zaigham, Fakuade Oluwaseun Bamikole, Muhammad Usman Moazzam & Nataliya Zhynkina
Our society is facing a massive urbanisation trend. It is expected that around 70% of people (almost 6 billion) will be living in urban areas in less than a decade. This phenomenal change has been accompanied with a simultaneous increase in the demand for water, sanitation, health, education, food, housing, pollution control amongst others. These urban challenges are putting pressure on cities and governments to increase efficiency, reduce costs and enhance services. It is on this backdrop that the idea of Smart City has evolved.
Smart Cities possess common characteristics that are grouped under six broad themes: Smart Mobility, Smart Economy, Smart Living, Smart Governance, Smart People and Smart Environment. The focus of this report is on exploiting potential economic growth and social capital beneﬁts in Chiang Mai through open data practices.
Open data initiatives, in countries like Singapore, is a driving force for smart governance; effectively resolving many of the teething public issues while collaborating with private sectors and citizens.
In this report, we modestly estimate that Chiang Mai, possessing a number of legacies (tourism, handcraft, youthful population, amongst others) which can be developed and enhanced, can add at least $1 billion to its economy and allow for social upward mobility through smart solutions based on open data.Open data is inevitably becoming a tool for sustainable development in other nations. It not only increases efficiency in public administration and enables more collaborative solutions through private sector involvement, but also helps to reduce corruption and ensures open and transparent governance. Chiang Mai’s prospective design for a Smart City initiative should not be an exception to this trend.
Urban Transport for Secondary Cities – Case Study of Chiang Mai
Group Members: Rebecca Huang, Wong Shu Qi, P K Solanki & Pankaj Sharma
Perhaps for the ﬁrst time in human history, population residing in urban areas is greater than in rural areas. It is expected that by 2050 close to 2/3rd of global population will be residing in urban areas and most of this growth will happen in Asia- most populous continent. The event is epochal in many ways as these urban centers are likely to be the drivers of growth. Just as 20th century saw the development of Nation states, 21st century will see the rise of cities.
Along with rise of mega cities, Asia is also seeing the rise of secondary cities. Sleepy towns have suddenly become large urban sprawls. They face all the problems of an urban center but lack the capacity and resources of addressing them in the manner of a mega city. Of the many problems faced by them, public transport is a major one as they gain size.
It is in this context that study of solutions for public transport in Chiang Mai assumes importance. Chiang Mai is the 2nd largest city in Thailand after Bangkok. With a population of almost 1.7 million, it is not a megacity in the Asian context. However, this city is a major tourist attraction in Northern Thailand. And is seeing a rapidly increasing inﬂow of tourists. This poses the challenge of developing a viable public transport infrastructure in the city. The issue if left unaddressed could adversely impact its attractiveness as a favored tourist destination.
Authors of the report have tried to study and analyse the issues behind the problem and come up with alternatives for addressing the challenge. In the report a 7 step model of analysis has been used. Starting with the status quo condition the group has progressed to suggest policy alternatives and decision criterion for making a choice. Comparing with the other secondary cities of Asia gives the analysis necessary context and insight into alternatives.