Grant Period : Apr 2018 to Sep 2019
Faculty : MANCINI, Francesco
When it comes to the impact of technology on societal dynamics, the debate is often shaped by the dichotomy between the enthusiasts and the highly pessimistic view that focuses on the threats and disruptions. Not surprisingly, in the field of peace and security studies, research has overwhelmingly focused on the destructive role of new forms of technology, in particular information and communication technologies (ICTs). the last decade has seen a proliferation of research in the areas of cyber-threats, in the use ofICTs for war or genocide propaganda, in the role of internet in spreading extreme violent ideologies, the polarization of societies, and the perpetuation of bias and stereotypes, to name a few examples.
Meanwhile, very little has been said about the role that new technology can play for the transformation and prevention of conflict, to foster peaceful and harmonious societies, and to strengthen security. This study aims to develop a systematic analysis of this nascent field of innovation, exploring the use of different technologies (including, ICTs, social media, gamification, Geographic Information Systems, artificial intelligence and machine learning, big data mining) applied to different areas of what are known conjointly as the field of peace and security, that is the support and implementation of peace processes, conflict prevention, mediation, peacekeeping, peacebuilding, and societal security, including crime prevention.