The Asian Economic Integration Report (AEIR) 2016 is ADB’s annual report on Asia’s regional economic cooperation and integration, covering 48 regional members of the ADB and analyzing their regional as well as global economic linkages. It has two major chapters— (i) the progress in regional cooperation and integration (RCI), which provides the latest progress in economic outlook, trade and investment integration, financial integration, and people movement, and updates of subregional cooperation initiatives; and (ii) special theme chapter on RCI-related topics which could draw broad interest from policy makers and academia alike.
The theme chapter of this year’s report features policy drivers and economic factors that help to attract foreign direct investment (FDI) in Asia and the Pacific. FDI can take various forms depending on firms’ strategy: (i) investment in new assets (greenfield FDI); or (ii) mergers and acquisitions. Firms can also decide to enter the market to (i) avoid trade barriers and gain better access to local market (horizontal FDI); or (ii) lower the production costs by relocating different stages of production in the country with least cost (vertical FDI). Given that the beneficial impact of FDI is contingent on the type of FDI and the country context, it is important from a policy perspective to investigate how to attract the type of FDI most in line with the host economies’ development goals.
Link to programme