Creating a Pro-Active Anti-Dengue Strategy in Penang, Malaysia
Client: Penang Institute
Group Members: Khasan Redjaboev, Fatima Iqbal, Takanao Tanaka
Despite campaigns to reduce disease incidents and limit its spread, dengue remains a global health issue, with 40% of the global population affected. Malaysia experienced dengue challenge at the frontier. A 200% increase in cases and deaths in 2014 was a worrying yet observable inference of the 5 year period from 2010 to 2014. Penang, an economic locomotive province of Malaysia, recorded 163.8% rise in recorded dengue infection cases from 2013 to 2014. This given, the absence of a widely used and comprehensive anti-dengue strategy, puts increasing pressure on Penang that is seeking a strategy to effectively protect citizens from the spread of this disease, along with maintaining its reputation as a popular tourist destination and sustainable business hub. This project considers revising the application of the dengue disease mapping system by the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation, its practical applications, disease registration, public feedback mechanisms and efforts of the Ministry of Health (MOH). Largely drawing on data driven, experts involved and complex perspectives of understanding the disease, the project advances a public policy measures that are synergetic in organization, combining advances in grassroots activities, vaccination, education campaigns, law enforcement and pragmatic public health instruments.
Financial Inclusion and Universal Health Coverage in Indonesia-Challenges and Opportunities
Client: Asian Development Bank Indonesia Resident Mission
Group Members: Muhammad Ammar Mahmood, Kazunori Otsuka
The government of Indonesia launched a new universal health insurance system, Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional (JKN), in 2014 to cover the entire population. However, due to low rate of enrolment and lack of prudence in terms of premium payments by the enrollees, fiscal balance of JKN is being questioned. In order to achieve sustainable operation of JKN, one of the challenges is lying on the realm of Financial Inclusion. Our group thus focuses on how Financial Inclusion would be able to improve sustainability of JKN through developments in both public and private sectors.
Use of Internet of Things in Active Ageing: a Comparative Study of Singapore and Hong Kong
Client: ACCESS Health International (Singapore)
Group Members: Keo Kounila, Zheng Wendan, Jaya Jung Mahat
The ageing population in the Asian two global cities, Singapore and Hong Kong, is rising every following year. To address the problem, they have taken initiatives and invested in R &D in ICT and specifically IoT tools to assist the elderly in active aging. This PAE aims to analyse the contemporary practices on ageing and innovations in both cities which face limited resources in addressing the issue and to draw some recommendations which they can learn from each other to develop better future programs that deploy IoTs in the field of smart and active aging.
The Future of Long Term Care in Singapore
Client: The Gerontological Society of Singapore
Group Members: Jessica Loo Li Ping, Puttiporn Soontornwipart, Kimhong GOVE
With a rapidly increasing elderly population, how should Singapore’s long-term care (LTC) system evolve in terms of financing, delivering and regulating LTC services? This Policy Analysis Exercise (PAE) thus aims to formulate LTC policies for the ageing society in Singapore. Using a qualitative approach, we review the current LTC system in Singapore and draw lessons from Hong Kong. The proposed recommendation finally highlights a coordination among the public sector, the private sector and the community; towards a LTC system that is equitable, sustainable and having high quality of care to cater to the various needs of the elderly.
A Systems Approach to improving Maternal Health Care in Western Visayas Philippines
Client: Department of Health (DOH) –Regional Office 6, Republic of the Philippines
Group Members: Vu Tra My, Leslie Ann L. Luces, Totar Maria Tambunan
High Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) is a pressing problem in Western Visayas Region of the Philippines. Having the third highest maternal deaths in the country, the Region fell short of reaching the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 5 in 2015 This Policy Analysis Exercise (PAE) aims to identify the gaps in the current Maternal Health Program in the entire Region, and provide recommendations to address these gaps. Fieldwork interviews were done with the major stakeholders and thinktanks in the national, regional, provincial and municipal levels. Based on the information gathered, the Region has to adopt a new management strategy specifically in opening its doors to public private partnership, and in investing in its human capital.
How can we improve home-based healthcare services?- Designing indicators to measure the effectiveness of the TTSH PACH programme
Client: Tan Tock Seng Hospital
Group Members: Hanis Farhanah Yusof, Karishma Kaur
Singapore’s ageing population is posing a large burden on its secondary healthcare sector. This necessitates changes to the organisation and delivery of healthcare. TTSH had launched the Post-Acute Care at Home (PACH) programme in 2008 to reduce readmissions, medical costs and the hospital’s bed crunch situation. Using a multidisciplinary approach, PACH helps homebound and functionally disabled elderly patients seamlessly transit from hospital to home-based care. To help PACH achieve its aims, this project purports to identify improvements and key performance indicators that can help to enhance the effectiveness of PACH in the long-run.
Implementing the SDGs: Approaches to Public Service Delivery Based on Post MDG-5 Evaluation in the Philippines
Client: UNDP Global Centre for Public Service Excellence (UNDP-GCPSE)
Group Members: Otini Mpinganjira, ASM Safwan Bin Rob, Devashish Dhar
In evaluating the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the importance of institutions has been a recurring theme; more so as the world migrates to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This study investigates the operational responses (successful or otherwise) undertaken by health sector institutions in the Philippines as a result of the Maternal Health agenda under MDG-5. Through a systems approach, the study analyzes the localization process and the consequent reforms. In so doing, identifying relevant learning points with regard to the implementation of the SDGs.