An expression like “Pax Indica” is often immediately, and seemingly naturally, misconstrued to mean world domination, as in the familiar “Pax Romana” or “Pax Britannica”. What Dr Tharoor means by the term, however, is the critical role India has to play in what has become a cooperative networked system in our multi-polar world. The idea of “Pax Indica”, is not about India as a future “world leader” or even as “the next superpower”, which is a status assorted commentators claim it is heading irresistibly towards in the near future. Instead “Pax Indica”, in his conception, is about India’s role in shaping the emerging global “network”, which is really what will define international relations and world politics in the 21st century. In this lecture he will explain what it means to be a rising economic and political power in the post Cold War age, where the architecture and landscape of the world are ever changing, and nation states like India must not only embrace such change but actively determine its future design and direction.