In the evolving dynamics of Co-operative (which also implies competitive), Federalism in India, it is imperative that the individual States undertake necessary governance, administrative, and fiscal management reforms design to leverage CSS (Centrally Sponsored Schemes) for maximum benefits in terms of delivering public services and amenities to the citizens. Implications of the CSS for the work plans of the State Finance Commissions (SFCs), several of whom are currently in the process of submitting Reports to their respective State governments are also briefly mentioned.
The SFC is a Constitutional body mandated every five years to recommend devolution of State resources to municipalities and rural bodies, and to recommend how delivery of public services and amenities to them could be improved within a State.
The Scope, Design, and Implementation Features of CSS
The CSS cover social sector services deemed to be of national importance, primarily rural employment provision, health, education, improving agriculture and horticultural sectors, urban amenities and management as exemplified by the Smart City and AMRUT (Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation) initiatives, 0ld age pension, and support for population which is currently economically and socially in need for it.