China’s water management has been an enigma in recent decades for two important reasons. First, is the language. Very few foreigners can read or speak Chinese fluently. Equally, number of Chinese water professionals who can speak or write English is rather limited. Second, many Western professionals consider, at least implicitly, that since China has a different political system, it cannot produce good water management practices Thus, advances in water management in China are not well-known outside the country. Having advised the Chinese Government continuously since 1981, the country has made remarkable progress in advancing many aspects of water management. In 1992, 83% of water was used for agriculture. By 2011, it was 65%. It has been steadily declining since then. Yet, food production has increased significantly. Sponge cities programme is effectively increasing groundwater recharge, decreasing floods and increasing human interactions with water and nature. River chief system, first introduced to control pollution in Taihu Lake, in 2007, has been remarkably successful. Contrary to common belief, public participation in water management is quite extensive. China now leads the world in the use of artificial intelligence and robotics in water management. It has also used very successfully institutional and political innovations to control and manage water pollution. China still faces many challenges. The lecture will focus on the changes in Chinese water management during the past four decades.