Impacts of a Community-Led Total Sanitation Campaign on Long-Term Latrine Ownership and Human Capital Development |

Impacts of a Community-Led Total Sanitation Campaign on Long-Term Latrine Ownership and Human Capital Development

IWP Research Seminar


Synopsis:

As of 2011, roughly 90 percent of households in India did not own a toilet. As a result, many households practice open defecation behaviours, which impose significant economic burdens on households and communities. While a number of program evaluations have explored the latrine adoption and health impacts of sanitation interventions, there is no research to-date that convincingly studies the long-term impacts of these interventions. In this paper, we provide the first such long-term study of a sanitation campaign. Using panel data on over 1000 households, we analyse the impacts of a randomized community-led total sanitation campaign on latrine adoption and abandonment. We find that adoption in villages receiving the intervention increased for at least five years relative to control villages. We also find that in the long run, households in treatment villages were more likely to abandon latrines. We also exploit the random assignment to study the impact of latrine ownership on long-term cognitive development in children. We find that children that lived in a household with a latrine early in life have significantly higher cognitive skills ten years later, and that this effect is strongest among girls. This may be because the human capital development curve is concave, and girls also receive fewer early-life health investments.


Speaker(s):
Professor Marc Jeuland

Professor Marc Jeuland, Associate Professor of Public Policy and Global Health at Duke University, and a Senior Research Fellow in the Institute of Water Policy, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore.

Marc Jeuland is an applied environmental and water resources economist; his overall intellectual goal is to understand resource management behaviour and its implications for human well-being within the “problemsheds” that lie at the intersection of natural resource and social systems.1 A second and related goal is to identify the scope for, and effectiveness of, improvements in environmental policies and interventions, especially in developing country contexts. His work spans from the individual- or household-level – a microeconomic scale – up to the community- and resource-level, which can range from local to global, depending on the specific features or attributes of the socio-environmental problem. Thus, he pays attention to the complexity that arises from the varying features and dynamics of socio-environmental systems, while seeking to find commonalities across them, in terms of processes and outcomes.

His specific research interests include nonmarket valuation, water and sanitation, environmental health, energy and development, the planning and management of trans-boundary water resources and the impacts and economics of climate change.


Chair Person:

Dr Leong Ching, Assistant Professor & Co-director, Institute of Water Policy, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore.


Date:
Monday, 07 August 2017

Time:
12:15 pm-1:30 pm

Venue:

Seminar Room 3-5
Manasseh Meyer
Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy
469C Bukit Timah Road
Singapore 259772


RSVP:
Seats are limited and will be available on a first-come, first-served basis. Kindly register your interest in attending by 4 August 2017. Register now

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